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xilinx.c

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2003 Stephen Williams (steve at icarus.com)
 *
 *    This source code is free software; you can redistribute it
 *    and/or modify it in source code form under the terms of the GNU
 *    General Public License as published by the Free Software
 *    Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
 *    any later version.
 *
 *    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *    GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *    Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA
 */
#ifdef HAVE_CVS_IDENT
#ident "$Id: xilinx.c,v 1.13 2007/02/26 19:49:50 steve Exp $"
#endif

# include  "edif.h"
# include  "generic.h"
# include  "xilinx.h"
# include  "fpga_priv.h"
# include  <stdlib.h>
# include  <string.h>
#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_H
# include  <malloc.h>
#endif
# include  <assert.h>

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_buf(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "BUF", 2);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_O, "O", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_I, "I", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_bufe(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "BUFE", 3);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_O, "O", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_I, "I", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_T, "E", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_bufg(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "BUFG", 2);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_O, "O", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_I, "I", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_buft(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "BUFT", 3);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_O, "O", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_I, "I", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_T, "T", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_ibuf(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "IBUF", 2);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_O, "O", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_I, "I", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_inv(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "INV", 2);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_O, "O", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_I, "I", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_muxf5(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "MUXF5", 4);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXF_O,  "O",  IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXF_I0, "I0", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXF_I1, "I1", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXF_S,  "S",  IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_muxf6(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "MUXF6", 4);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXF_O,  "O",  IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXF_I0, "I0", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXF_I1, "I1", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXF_S,  "S",  IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_obuf(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "OBUF", 2);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_O, "O", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, BUF_I, "I", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}


edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_lut2(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "LUT2", 3);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_O,  "O",  IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_I0, "I0", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_I1, "I1", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_lut3(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "LUT3", 4);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_O,  "O",  IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_I0, "I0", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_I1, "I1", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_I2, "I2", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_lut4(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "LUT4", 5);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_O,  "O",  IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_I0, "I0", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_I1, "I1", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_I2, "I2", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, LUT_I3, "I3", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}


edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_fdce(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "FDCE", 5);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_Q,  "Q",   IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_D,  "D",   IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_C,  "C",   IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_CE, "CE",  IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_CLR,"CLR", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_fdcpe(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "FDCPE", 6);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_Q,  "Q",   IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_D,  "D",   IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_C,  "C",   IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_CE, "CE",  IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_CLR,"CLR", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_PRE,"PRE", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_fdre(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "FDRE", 5);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_Q,  "Q",   IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_D,  "D",   IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_C,  "C",   IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_CE, "CE",  IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, FDCE_CLR,"R",   IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}


edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_mult_and(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "MULT_AND", 3);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MULT_AND_LO, "LO", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MULT_AND_I0, "I0", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MULT_AND_I1, "I1", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_muxcy(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "MUXCY", 4);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXCY_O,  "O",  IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXCY_DI, "DI", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXCY_CI, "CI", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXCY_S,  "S",  IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_muxcy_l(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "MUXCY_L", 4);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXCY_O,  "LO", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXCY_DI, "DI", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXCY_CI, "CI", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, MUXCY_S,  "S",  IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

edif_cell_t xilinx_cell_xorcy(edif_xlibrary_t xlib)
{
      static edif_cell_t cell = 0;
      if (cell != 0) return cell;

      cell = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "XORCY", 3);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, XORCY_O,  "O",  IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, XORCY_CI, "CI", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      edif_cell_portconfig(cell, XORCY_LI, "LI", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      return cell;
}

/*
 * This function does a lot of the stuff common to the header
 * functions of various Xilinx families. This includes creating the edf
 * object that holds the netlist.
 */
void xilinx_common_header(ivl_design_t des)
{
      unsigned idx;
      ivl_scope_t root = ivl_design_root(des);
      unsigned sig_cnt = ivl_scope_sigs(root);
      unsigned nports = 0, pidx;

      /* Count the ports I'm going to use. */
      for (idx = 0 ;  idx < sig_cnt ;  idx += 1) {
          ivl_signal_t sig = ivl_scope_sig(root, idx);

          if (ivl_signal_port(sig) == IVL_SIP_NONE)
              continue;

          if (ivl_signal_attr(sig, "PAD") != 0)
              continue;

          nports += ivl_signal_pins(sig);
      }

      edf = edif_create(ivl_scope_basename(root), nports);

      pidx = 0;
      for (idx = 0 ;  idx < sig_cnt ;  idx += 1) {
          edif_joint_t jnt;
          ivl_signal_t sig = ivl_scope_sig(root, idx);

          if (ivl_signal_port(sig) == IVL_SIP_NONE)
              continue;

          if (ivl_signal_attr(sig, "PAD") != 0)
              continue;

          if (ivl_signal_pins(sig) == 1) {
              edif_portconfig(edf, pidx, ivl_signal_basename(sig),
                          ivl_signal_port(sig));

              assert(ivl_signal_pins(sig) == 1);
              jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_signal_pin(sig, 0));
              edif_port_to_joint(jnt, edf, pidx);

          } else {
              const char*name = ivl_signal_basename(sig);
              ivl_signal_port_t dir = ivl_signal_port(sig);
              char buf[128];
              unsigned bit;
              for (bit = 0 ;  bit < ivl_signal_pins(sig) ; bit += 1) {
                  const char*tmp;
                  sprintf(buf, "%s[%u]", name, bit);
                  tmp = strdup(buf);
                  edif_portconfig(edf, pidx+bit, tmp, dir);

                  jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf,ivl_signal_pin(sig,bit));
                  edif_port_to_joint(jnt, edf, pidx+bit);
              }
          }

          pidx += ivl_signal_pins(sig);
      }

      assert(pidx == nports);
}

void xilinx_show_footer(ivl_design_t des)
{
      unsigned idx;

      for (idx = 0 ;  idx < ivl_design_consts(des) ;  idx += 1) {
          unsigned pin;
          ivl_net_const_t net = ivl_design_const(des, idx);
          const char*val = ivl_const_bits(net);

          for (pin = 0 ;  pin < ivl_const_pins(net) ;  pin += 1) {
              edif_joint_t jnt;
              edif_cellref_t pad;

              jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_const_pin(net, pin));
              switch (val[pin]) {
                  case '0':
                  pad = edif_cellref_create(edf, cell_0);
                  break;
                  case '1':
                  pad = edif_cellref_create(edf, cell_1);
                  break;
                  default:
                  assert(0);
                  break;
              }

              edif_add_to_joint(jnt, pad, 0);
          }
      }

      edif_print(xnf, edf);
}

/*
 * Make (or retrieve) a cell in the external library that reflects the
 * scope with its ports.
 */
void xilinx_show_scope(ivl_scope_t scope)
{
      edif_cell_t cell;
      edif_cellref_t ref;

      unsigned port, idx;

      cell = edif_xlibrary_scope_cell(xlib, scope);
      ref = edif_cellref_create(edf, cell);

      for (idx = 0 ;  idx < ivl_scope_sigs(scope) ;  idx += 1) {
          edif_joint_t jnt;
          ivl_signal_t sig = ivl_scope_sig(scope, idx);

          if (ivl_signal_port(sig) == IVL_SIP_NONE)
              continue;

          port = edif_cell_port_byname(cell, ivl_signal_basename(sig));
          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_signal_pin(sig, 0));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, ref, port);
      }
}

void xilinx_pad(ivl_signal_t sig, const char*str)
{
      unsigned idx;
      char**pins;

      if (cell_ipad == 0) {
          cell_ipad = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "IPAD", 1);
          edif_cell_portconfig(cell_ipad, 0, "IPAD", IVL_SIP_OUTPUT);
      }

      if (cell_opad == 0) {
          cell_opad = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "OPAD", 1);
          edif_cell_portconfig(cell_opad, 0, "OPAD", IVL_SIP_INPUT);
      }

      if (cell_iopad == 0) {
          cell_iopad = edif_xcell_create(xlib, "IOPAD", 1);
          edif_cell_portconfig(cell_iopad, 0, "IOPAD", IVL_SIP_INOUT);
      }

      /* Collect an array of pin assignments from the attribute
         string passed in as str. The format is a comma separated
         list of location names. */
      pins = calloc(ivl_signal_pins(sig), sizeof(char*));
      for (idx = 0 ;  idx < ivl_signal_pins(sig) ;  idx += 1) {
          const char*tmp = strchr(str, ',');
          if (tmp == 0) tmp = str+strlen(str);

          pins[idx] = malloc(tmp-str+1);
          strncpy(pins[idx], str, tmp-str);
          pins[idx][tmp-str] = 0;

          if (*tmp != 0)
              tmp += 1;

          str = tmp;
      }

      /* Now go through the pins of the signal, creating pads and
         bufs and joining them to the signal nexus. */
      for (idx = 0 ;  idx < ivl_signal_pins(sig) ;  idx += 1) {
          edif_joint_t jnt;
          edif_cellref_t pad, buf;

          const char*name_str = ivl_signal_basename(sig);
          if (ivl_signal_pins(sig) > 1) {
              char name_buf[128];
              sprintf(name_buf, "%s[%u]", name_str, idx);
              name_str = strdup(name_buf);
          }

          switch (ivl_signal_port(sig)) {
            case IVL_SIP_INPUT:
              pad = edif_cellref_create(edf, cell_ipad);
              buf = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_ibuf(xlib));

              jnt = edif_joint_create(edf);
              edif_joint_rename(jnt, name_str);
              edif_add_to_joint(jnt, pad, 0);
              edif_add_to_joint(jnt, buf, BUF_I);

              jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_signal_pin(sig, idx));
              edif_add_to_joint(jnt, buf, BUF_O);
              break;

            case IVL_SIP_OUTPUT:
              pad = edif_cellref_create(edf, cell_opad);
              buf = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_obuf(xlib));

              jnt = edif_joint_create(edf);
              edif_joint_rename(jnt, name_str);
              edif_add_to_joint(jnt, pad, 0);
              edif_add_to_joint(jnt, buf, BUF_O);

              jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_signal_pin(sig, idx));
              edif_add_to_joint(jnt, buf, BUF_I);
              break;

            case IVL_SIP_INOUT:
              pad = edif_cellref_create(edf, cell_iopad);

              jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_signal_pin(sig, idx));
              edif_add_to_joint(jnt, pad, 0);
              break;

            default:
              assert(0);
          }

          if (pins[idx])
              edif_cellref_pstring(pad, "LOC", pins[idx]);

      }

      /* Don't free the allocated pad name strings. The
         edif_cellref_pstring function attached the string to the
         LOC attribute, so the reference is permanent. */

      free(pins);
}

/*
 * This function handles the case where the user specifies the cell to
 * use by attribute.
 */
static void edif_cellref_logic(ivl_net_logic_t net, const char*def)
{
      char*str = strdup(def);
      char*pins;
      edif_cell_t cell;
      edif_cellref_t ref;
      edif_joint_t jnt;
      unsigned idx, port;

      pins = strchr(str, ':');
      assert(pins);
      *pins++ = 0;

      /* Locate the cell in the library, lookup by name. */
      cell = edif_xlibrary_findcell(xlib, str);
      assert(cell);

      ref = edif_cellref_create(edf, cell);

      for (idx = 0 ;  idx < ivl_logic_pins(net) ;  idx += 1) {
          char*tmp;

          assert(pins);
          tmp = strchr(pins,',');
          if (tmp != 0)
              *tmp++ = 0;
          else
              tmp = 0;

          port = edif_cell_port_byname(cell, pins);
          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, idx));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, ref, port);

          pins = tmp;
      }

      free(str);
}

static void lut_logic(ivl_net_logic_t net, const char*init3,
                  const char*init4, const char*init5)
{
      edif_cellref_t lut = NULL;  /* initialization shuts up gcc -Wall */
      edif_joint_t jnt;
      const char* init = NULL;    /* ditto */

      assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) <= 5);
      assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) >= 3);

      switch (ivl_logic_pins(net)) {
        case 3:
          lut = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_lut2(xlib));
          init = init3;
          break;

        case 4:
          lut = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_lut3(xlib));
          init = init4;
          break;

        case 5:
          lut = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_lut4(xlib));
          init = init5;
          break;
      }

      edif_cellref_pstring(lut, "INIT", init);

      switch (ivl_logic_pins(net)) {
        case 5:
          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 4));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_I3);
        case 4:
          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 3));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_I2);
        case 3:
          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 2));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_I1);
      }

      jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 1));
      edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_I0);

      jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 0));
      edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_O);
}


void xilinx_logic(ivl_net_logic_t net)
{
      edif_cellref_t obj;
      edif_joint_t   jnt;

      { const char*cellref_attribute = ivl_logic_attr(net, "cellref");
        if (cellref_attribute != 0) {
            edif_cellref_logic(net, cellref_attribute);
            return;
      }
      }

      switch (ivl_logic_type(net)) {

        case IVL_LO_BUF:
        case IVL_LO_BUFZ:
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) == 2);

          obj = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_buf(xlib));

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 0));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_O);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 1));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_I);
          break;

        case IVL_LO_BUFIF0:
            /* The Xilinx BUFT devices is a BUF that adds a T
             input. The output is tri-stated if the T input is
             1. In other words, it acts just like bufif0. */
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) == 3);

          obj = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_buft(xlib));

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 0));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_O);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 1));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_I);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 2));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_T);
          break;

        case IVL_LO_BUFIF1:
            /* The Xilinx BUFE devices is a BUF that adds an enable
             input. The output is tri-stated if the E input is 0.
             In other words, it acts just like bufif1. */
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) == 3);

          obj = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_bufe(xlib));

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 0));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_O);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 1));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_I);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 2));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_T);
          break;

        case IVL_LO_NOT:
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) == 2);

          obj = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_inv(xlib));

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 0));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_O);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_logic_pin(net, 1));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, obj, BUF_I);
          break;

        case IVL_LO_AND:
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) <= 5);
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) >= 3);
          lut_logic(net, "8", "80", "8000");
          break;

        case IVL_LO_NOR:
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) <= 5);
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) >= 3);
          lut_logic(net, "1", "01", "0001");
          break;

        case IVL_LO_OR:
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) <= 5);
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) >= 3);
          lut_logic(net, "E", "FE", "FFFE");
          break;

        case IVL_LO_XNOR:
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) <= 5);
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) >= 3);
          lut_logic(net, "9", "69", "9669");
          break;

        case IVL_LO_XOR:
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) <= 5);
          assert(ivl_logic_pins(net) >= 3);
          lut_logic(net, "6", "96", "6996");
          break;

        default:
          fprintf(stderr, "UNSUPPORTED LOGIC TYPE: %u\n",
                ivl_logic_type(net));
          break;
      }
}

/*
 * A fully generic Xilinx MUX is implemented entirely from LUT
 * devices.
 */
void xilinx_mux(ivl_lpm_t net)
{
      unsigned idx;

      edif_cellref_t lut;
      edif_joint_t jnt;

      assert(ivl_lpm_selects(net) == 1);

      /* A/B Mux devices are made from LUT3 devices. I0 is connected
         to A, I1 to B, and I2 to the Select input. Create as many
         as are needed to implement the requested width.

         S B A | Q
         ------+--
         0 0 0 | 0
         0 0 1 | 1
         0 1 0 | 0
         0 1 1 | 1
         1 0 0 | 0
         1 0 1 | 0
         1 1 0 | 1
         1 1 1 | 1

         INIT = "CA" */

      for (idx = 0 ;  idx < ivl_lpm_width(net) ;  idx += 1) {

          lut = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_lut3(xlib));

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_lpm_q(net, idx));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_O);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_lpm_data2(net, 0, idx));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_I0);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_lpm_data2(net, 1, idx));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_I1);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_lpm_select(net, 0));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_I2);

          edif_cellref_pstring(lut, "INIT", "CA");
      }
}

/*
 * Any Xilinx device works with this adder.
 * Generic Xilinx add only works for single bit slices.
 */
void xilinx_add(ivl_lpm_t net)
{
      const char*ha_init = 0;
      edif_cellref_t lut;
      edif_joint_t jnt;

      switch (ivl_lpm_type(net)) {
          case IVL_LPM_ADD:
          ha_init = "6";
          break;
        case IVL_LPM_SUB:
          ha_init = "9";
          break;
        default:
          assert(0);
      }

      /* If this is a single bit wide, then generate only a
         half-adder. Normally this is an XOR, but if this is a SUB
         then it is an XNOR. */
      if (ivl_lpm_width(net) == 1) {

          lut = edif_cellref_create(edf, xilinx_cell_lut2(xlib));

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_lpm_q(net, 0));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_O);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_lpm_data(net, 0));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_I0);

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_lpm_datab(net, 0));
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, lut, LUT_I1);

          edif_cellref_pstring(lut, "INIT", ha_init);
          return;
      }

      assert(0);
}

/*
 * The left shift is implemented as a matrix of MUX2_1 devices. The
 * matrix has as many rows as the device width, and a column for each
 * select.
 */
void xilinx_shiftl(ivl_lpm_t net)
{
      unsigned width = ivl_lpm_width(net);
      unsigned nsel = 0, swid = 0;
      unsigned sdx, qdx;

      edif_cellref_t* cells;
      edif_cellref_t**table;

      edif_cellref_t pad0_cell;
      edif_joint_t pad0;


      /* First, find out how many select inputs we really need. We
         can only use the selects that are enough to shift out the
         entire width of the device. The excess can be used as an
         enable for the last column. When disabled, the last column
         emits zeros. */

      while (nsel < ivl_lpm_selects(net)) {

          nsel += 1;

          swid = 1 << nsel;
          if (swid >= width)
              break;
      }

      assert(nsel > 0);

      /* Allocate a matrix of edif_cellref_t variables. A devices
         will be addressed by the expression table[sdx][qdx];
         This should make the algorithm code easier to read. */
      cells = calloc(nsel * width, sizeof(edif_cellref_t));
      table = calloc(nsel, sizeof(edif_cellref_t*));

      for (sdx = 0 ;  sdx < nsel ;  sdx += 1)
          table[sdx] = cells + sdx*width;

      /* Make a 0 valued pad bit. I will use this for all the shift in
         values that are beyond the input. */
      pad0_cell = edif_cellref_create(edf, cell_0);
      pad0 = edif_joint_create(edf);
      edif_add_to_joint(pad0, pad0_cell, 0);

      /* The LUT matrix is <nsel> columns of <width> devices, with
         the last column a LUT4 devices. The extra input of the
         LUT4s in the last column are used as an enable to collect
         all the excess select inputs. */

      /* Allocate the LUT devices of the matrix, and connect the
         select inputs to I2 of all the devices of the column. */
      for (sdx = 0 ;  sdx < nsel ;  sdx += 1) {
          const char*init_string = 0;
          ivl_nexus_t nex = ivl_lpm_select(net,sdx);
          edif_joint_t sdx_jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, nex);

          edif_cell_t lut;

          if (((sdx+1) == nsel) && (nsel < ivl_lpm_selects(net))) {
              lut = xilinx_cell_lut4(xlib);
              init_string = "00CA";
          } else {
              lut = xilinx_cell_lut3(xlib);
              init_string = "CA";
          }

          for (qdx = 0 ;  qdx < width ;  qdx += 1) {
              table[sdx][qdx] = edif_cellref_create(edf, lut);
              edif_add_to_joint(sdx_jnt, table[sdx][qdx], LUT_I2);

              edif_cellref_pstring(table[sdx][qdx], "INIT", init_string);
          }
      }

      /* Connect the inputs of the SHIFTL device to the column 0 LUT
         inputs. The slice on the low end shifts in a 0 for a select
         input. */
      for (qdx = 0 ;  qdx < width ;  qdx += 1) {
          ivl_nexus_t nex0, nex1;
          edif_joint_t jnt0;
          edif_joint_t jnt1;

          nex0 = ivl_lpm_data(net,qdx);
          jnt0 = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, nex0);

          if (qdx > 0) {
              nex1 = ivl_lpm_data(net,qdx-1);
              jnt1 = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, nex1);
          } else {
              jnt1 = pad0;
          }

          edif_add_to_joint(jnt0, table[0][qdx], LUT_I0);
          edif_add_to_joint(jnt1, table[0][qdx], LUT_I1);
      }

      /* Make the inner connections between LUT devices. Each column
         connects to the previous column, shifted by the power of
         the column value. If the shifted input falls off the end,
         then pad with zero. */
      for (sdx = 1 ;  sdx < nsel ;  sdx += 1) {

          for (qdx = 0 ;  qdx < width ;  qdx += 1) {
              unsigned shift = 1 << sdx;
              edif_joint_t jnt0 = edif_joint_create(edf);
              edif_joint_t jnt1 = (qdx >= shift)
                  ? edif_joint_create(edf)
                  : pad0;

              edif_add_to_joint(jnt0, table[sdx][qdx], LUT_I0);
              edif_add_to_joint(jnt1, table[sdx][qdx], LUT_I1);

              edif_add_to_joint(jnt0, table[sdx-1][qdx], LUT_O);
              if (qdx >= shift)
                   edif_add_to_joint(jnt1, table[sdx-1][qdx-shift], LUT_O);
          }
      }

      /* Connect the output of the last column to the output of the
         SHIFTL device. */
      for (qdx = 0 ; qdx < width ;  qdx += 1) {
          ivl_nexus_t nex = ivl_lpm_q(net,qdx);
          edif_joint_t jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, nex);

          edif_add_to_joint(jnt, table[nsel-1][qdx], LUT_O);
      }

      /* Connect the excess select inputs to the enable inputs of
         the LUT4 devices in the last column. */
      if (nsel < ivl_lpm_selects(net)) {
          edif_joint_t jnt;

            /* XXXX Only support 1 excess bit for now. */
          assert((nsel + 1) == ivl_lpm_selects(net));

          jnt = edif_joint_of_nexus(edf, ivl_lpm_select(net,nsel));
          for (qdx = 0 ;  qdx < width ;  qdx += 1)
              edif_add_to_joint(jnt, table[nsel-1][qdx], LUT_I3);
      }

      free(cells);
      free(table);
}


/*
 * $Log: xilinx.c,v $
 * Revision 1.13  2007/02/26 19:49:50  steve
 *  Spelling fixes (larry doolittle)
 *
 * Revision 1.12  2004/02/15 18:03:30  steve
 *  Cleanup of warnings.
 *
 * Revision 1.11  2004/02/10 16:39:33  steve
 *  Fix direction of Q/D signals of FD devices.
 *
 * Revision 1.10  2003/08/15 02:23:53  steve
 *  Add synthesis support for synchronous reset.
 *
 * Revision 1.9  2003/07/04 01:08:03  steve
 *  PAD attribute can be used to assign pins.
 *
 * Revision 1.8  2003/07/04 00:10:09  steve
 *  Generate MUXF5 based 4-input N-wide muxes.
 *
 * Revision 1.7  2003/07/03 17:46:33  steve
 *  IOPAD support.
 *
 * Revision 1.6  2003/07/02 03:02:15  steve
 *  More xilinx common code.
 *
 * Revision 1.5  2003/07/02 00:25:40  steve
 *  Add xilinx support for bufif1.
 *
 * Revision 1.4  2003/06/28 04:18:47  steve
 *  Add support for wide OR/NOR gates.
 *
 * Revision 1.3  2003/06/26 03:57:05  steve
 *  Add Xilinx support for A/B MUX devices.
 *
 * Revision 1.2  2003/06/25 02:55:57  steve
 *  Virtex and Virtex2 share much code.
 *
 * Revision 1.1  2003/04/05 05:53:34  steve
 *  Move library cell management to common file.
 *
 */


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