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t-dll-expr.cc

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2000-2009 Stephen Williams (steve@icarus.com)
 *
 *    This source code is free software; you can redistribute it
 *    and/or modify it in source code form under the terms of the GNU
 *    General Public License as published by the Free Software
 *    Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
 *    any later version.
 *
 *    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *    GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *    Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA
 */

# include "config.h"

# include  <iostream>

# include  <cstring>
# include  "t-dll.h"
# include  "netlist.h"
# include  <assert.h>
#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_H
# include  <malloc.h>
#endif
# include  <stdlib.h>

/*
 * This is a little convenience function for converting a NetExpr
 * expression type to the expression type used by ivl_expr_t objects.
 */
static ivl_variable_type_t get_expr_type(const NetExpr*net)
{
      return net->expr_type();
}

/*
 * These methods implement the expression scan that generates the
 * ivl_expr_t representing the expression. Each method leaves the
 * expr_ member filled with the ivl_expr_t that represents it. Each
 * method expects that the expr_ member empty (0) when it starts.
 */

/*
 * This function takes an expression in the expr_ member that is
 * already built up, and adds a subtraction of the given constant.
 */
void dll_target::sub_off_from_expr_(long off)
{
      assert(expr_ != 0);

      char*bits;
      ivl_expr_t tmpc = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      tmpc->type_   = IVL_EX_NUMBER;
      tmpc->value_  = IVL_VT_VECTOR;
      tmpc->width_  = expr_->width_;
      tmpc->signed_ = expr_->signed_;
      tmpc->u_.number_.bits_ = bits = (char*)malloc(tmpc->width_);
      for (unsigned idx = 0 ;  idx < tmpc->width_ ;  idx += 1) {
          bits[idx] = (off & 1)? '1' : '0';
          off >>= 1;
      }

      /* Now make the subtractor (x-4 in the above example)
         that has as input A the index expression and input B
         the constant to subtract. */
      ivl_expr_t tmps = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      tmps->type_  = IVL_EX_BINARY;
      tmps->value_ = IVL_VT_VECTOR;
      tmps->width_ = tmpc->width_;
      tmps->signed_ = tmpc->signed_;
      tmps->u_.binary_.op_  = '-';
      tmps->u_.binary_.lef_ = expr_;
      tmps->u_.binary_.rig_ = tmpc;

      /* Replace (x) with (x-off) */
      expr_ = tmps;
}

void dll_target::mul_expr_by_const_(long val)
{
      assert(expr_ != 0);

      char*bits;
      ivl_expr_t tmpc = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      tmpc->type_   = IVL_EX_NUMBER;
      tmpc->value_  = IVL_VT_VECTOR;
      tmpc->width_  = expr_->width_;
      tmpc->signed_ = expr_->signed_;
      tmpc->u_.number_.bits_ = bits = (char*)malloc(tmpc->width_);
      for (unsigned idx = 0 ;  idx < tmpc->width_ ;  idx += 1) {
          bits[idx] = (val & 1)? '1' : '0';
          val >>= 1;
      }

      /* Now make the subtractor (x-4 in the above example)
         that has as input A the index expression and input B
         the constant to subtract. */
      ivl_expr_t tmps = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      tmps->type_  = IVL_EX_BINARY;
      tmps->value_ = IVL_VT_VECTOR;
      tmps->width_ = tmpc->width_;
      tmps->signed_ = tmpc->signed_;
      tmps->u_.binary_.op_  = '*';
      tmps->u_.binary_.lef_ = expr_;
      tmps->u_.binary_.rig_ = tmpc;

      /* Replace (x) with (x*valf) */
      expr_ = tmps;
}

ivl_expr_t dll_target::expr_from_value_(const verinum&val)
{
      ivl_expr_t expr = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr);

      unsigned idx;
      char*bits;
      expr->type_ = IVL_EX_NUMBER;
      expr->value_= IVL_VT_VECTOR;
      expr->width_= val.len();
      expr->signed_ = val.has_sign()? 1 : 0;
      expr->u_.number_.bits_ = bits = (char*)malloc(expr->width_ + 1);
      for (idx = 0 ;  idx < expr->width_ ;  idx += 1)
          switch (val.get(idx)) {
            case verinum::V0:
              bits[idx] = '0';
              break;
            case verinum::V1:
              bits[idx] = '1';
              break;
            case verinum::Vx:
              bits[idx] = 'x';
              break;
            case verinum::Vz:
              bits[idx] = 'z';
              break;
            default:
              assert(0);
          }

      bits[expr->width_] = 0;

      return expr;
}

void dll_target::expr_access_func(const NetEAccess*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);
      // Make a stub Branch Access Function expression node.
      expr_ = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      expr_->type_  = IVL_EX_BACCESS;
      expr_->value_ = IVL_VT_REAL;
      expr_->file   = net->get_file();
      expr_->lineno = net->get_lineno();
      expr_->width_ = 1;
      expr_->signed_= 1;

      expr_->u_.branch_.branch = net->get_branch()->target_obj();
      expr_->u_.branch_.nature = net->get_nature();
}

void dll_target::expr_binary(const NetEBinary*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      net->left()->expr_scan(this);
      ivl_expr_t left = expr_;

      expr_ = 0;
      net->right()->expr_scan(this);
      ivl_expr_t rght = expr_;

      expr_ = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr_);

      expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_BINARY;
      expr_->value_= get_expr_type(net);
      expr_->width_= net->expr_width();
      expr_->signed_ = net->has_sign()? 1 : 0;

      expr_->u_.binary_.op_ = net->op();
      expr_->u_.binary_.lef_ = left;
      expr_->u_.binary_.rig_ = rght;
}

void dll_target::expr_concat(const NetEConcat*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      ivl_expr_t cur = new struct ivl_expr_s;
      assert(cur);

      cur->type_  = IVL_EX_CONCAT;
      cur->value_ = IVL_VT_VECTOR;
      cur->width_ = net->expr_width();
      cur->signed_ = 0;

      cur->u_.concat_.rept  = net->repeat();
      cur->u_.concat_.parms = net->nparms();
      cur->u_.concat_.parm  = new ivl_expr_t [net->nparms()];

      for (unsigned idx = 0 ;  idx < net->nparms() ;  idx += 1) {
          expr_ = 0;
          net->parm(idx)->expr_scan(this);
          assert(expr_);
          cur->u_.concat_.parm[idx] = expr_;
      }

      expr_ = cur;
}

void dll_target::expr_const(const NetEConst*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      expr_ = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr_);
      expr_->value_= net->expr_type();
      FILE_NAME(expr_, net);

      if (net->value().is_string()) {
          expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_STRING;
          expr_->width_= net->expr_width();
          expr_->u_.string_.value_ =strdup(net->value().as_string().c_str());

      } else {
          verinum val = net->value();
          unsigned idx;
          char*bits;
          expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_NUMBER;
          expr_->width_= net->expr_width();
          expr_->signed_ = net->has_sign()? 1 : 0;
          expr_->u_.number_.bits_ = bits = (char*)malloc(expr_->width_);
          for (idx = 0 ;  idx < expr_->width_ ;  idx += 1)
              switch (val.get(idx)) {
                  case verinum::V0:
                  bits[idx] = '0';
                  break;
                  case verinum::V1:
                  bits[idx] = '1';
                  break;
                  case verinum::Vx:
                  bits[idx] = 'x';
                  break;
                  case verinum::Vz:
                  bits[idx] = 'z';
                  break;
                  default:
                  assert(0);
              }

      }
}

void dll_target::expr_param(const NetEConstParam*net)
{
      ivl_scope_t scop = find_scope(des_, net->scope());
      ivl_parameter_t par = scope_find_param(scop, net->name());

      if (par == 0) {
          cerr << net->get_fileline() << ": internal error: "
             << "Parameter " << net->name() << " missing from "
             << ivl_scope_name(scop) << endl;
      }
      assert(par);
      assert(par->value);
      expr_ = par->value;
}

void dll_target::expr_rparam(const NetECRealParam*net)
{
      ivl_scope_t scop = find_scope(des_, net->scope());
      ivl_parameter_t par = scope_find_param(scop, net->name());

      if (par == 0) {
          cerr << net->get_fileline() << ": internal error: "
             << "Parameter " << net->name() << " missing from "
             << ivl_scope_name(scop) << endl;
      }
      assert(par);
      assert(par->value);
      expr_ = par->value;
}

void dll_target::expr_creal(const NetECReal*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);
      expr_ = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      expr_->width_  = net->expr_width();
      expr_->signed_ = 1;
      expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_REALNUM;
      FILE_NAME(expr_, net);
      expr_->value_= IVL_VT_REAL;
      expr_->u_.real_.value = net->value().as_double();
}

void dll_target::expr_event(const NetEEvent*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      expr_ = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr_);

      expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_EVENT;
      expr_->value_= IVL_VT_VOID;

        /* Locate the event by name. Save the ivl_event_t in the
           expression so that the generator can find it easily. */
      const NetEvent*ev = net->event();
      ivl_scope_t ev_scope = lookup_scope_(ev->scope());

      for (unsigned idx = 0 ;  idx < ev_scope->nevent_ ;  idx += 1) {
            const char*ename = ivl_event_basename(ev_scope->event_[idx]);
            if (strcmp(ev->name(), ename) == 0) {
                  expr_->u_.event_.event = ev_scope->event_[idx];
                  break;
            }
      }
}

void dll_target::expr_scope(const NetEScope*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      expr_ = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr_);

      expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_SCOPE;
      expr_->value_= IVL_VT_VOID;
      expr_->u_.scope_.scope = lookup_scope_(net->scope());
}

void dll_target::expr_select(const NetESelect*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      net->sub_expr()->expr_scan(this);
      ivl_expr_t left = expr_;

      expr_ = 0;
      if (net->select())
          net->select()->expr_scan(this);

      ivl_expr_t rght = expr_;

      expr_ = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr_);

      expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_SELECT;
      expr_->value_= IVL_VT_VECTOR;
      expr_->width_= net->expr_width();
      expr_->signed_ = net->has_sign()? 1 : 0;

      expr_->u_.binary_.lef_ = left;
      expr_->u_.binary_.rig_ = rght;
}

void dll_target::expr_sfunc(const NetESFunc*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      ivl_expr_t expr = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr);

      expr->type_ = IVL_EX_SFUNC;
      FILE_NAME(expr, net);
      expr->value_= net->expr_type();
      expr->width_= net->expr_width();
      expr->signed_ = net->has_sign()? 1 : 0;
      /* system function names are lex_strings strings. */
      expr->u_.sfunc_.name_ = net->name();

      unsigned cnt = net->nparms();
      expr->u_.sfunc_.parms = cnt;
      expr->u_.sfunc_.parm = new ivl_expr_t[cnt];

      /* make up the parameter expressions. */
      for (unsigned idx = 0 ;  idx < cnt ;  idx += 1) {
          net->parm(idx)->expr_scan(this);
          assert(expr_);
          expr->u_.sfunc_.parm[idx] = expr_;
          expr_ = 0;
      }

      expr_ = expr;
}

void dll_target::expr_ternary(const NetETernary*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      ivl_expr_t expr = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr);

      expr->type_  = IVL_EX_TERNARY;
      FILE_NAME(expr, net);
      expr->value_= net->expr_type();
      expr->width_ = net->expr_width();
      expr->signed_ = net->has_sign()? 1 : 0;

      net->cond_expr()->expr_scan(this);
      assert(expr_);
      expr->u_.ternary_.cond = expr_;
      expr_ = 0;

      net->true_expr()->expr_scan(this);
      assert(expr_);
      expr->u_.ternary_.true_e = expr_;
      expr_ = 0;

      net->false_expr()->expr_scan(this);
      assert(expr_);
      expr->u_.ternary_.false_e = expr_;

      expr_ = expr;
}

void dll_target::expr_signal(const NetESignal*net)
{
      ivl_signal_t sig = find_signal(des_, net->sig());

      assert(expr_ == 0);

      /* If there is a word expression, generate it. */
      ivl_expr_t word_expr = 0;
      if (const NetExpr*word = net->word_index()) {
          word->expr_scan(this);
          assert(expr_);
          word_expr = expr_;
          expr_ = 0;
      }

      expr_ = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr_);

      expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_SIGNAL;
      expr_->value_= net->expr_type();
      expr_->file  = net->get_file();
      expr_->lineno= net->get_lineno();
      expr_->width_= net->expr_width();
      expr_->signed_ = net->has_sign()? 1 : 0;
      expr_->u_.signal_.word = word_expr;
      expr_->u_.signal_.sig = sig;

      /* Make account for the special case that this is a reference
         to an array as a whole. We detect this case by noting that
         this is an array (more than 1 word) and there is no word
         select expression. In that case, this is an IVL_EX_ARRAY
         expression instead of a SIGNAL expression. */
      if (sig->array_words > 1 && word_expr == 0) {
          expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_ARRAY;
          expr_->width_ = 0; // Doesn't make much sense for arrays.
      }
}


void dll_target::expr_ufunc(const NetEUFunc*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      ivl_expr_t expr = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      assert(expr);

      expr->type_ = IVL_EX_UFUNC;
      FILE_NAME(expr, net);
      expr->value_= net->expr_type();
      expr->width_= net->expr_width();
      expr->signed_ = net->has_sign()? 1 : 0;

      expr->u_.ufunc_.def = lookup_scope_(net->func());
      assert(expr->u_.ufunc_.def->type_ == IVL_SCT_FUNCTION);

      unsigned cnt = net->parm_count();
      expr->u_.ufunc_.parms = cnt;
      expr->u_.ufunc_.parm = new ivl_expr_t[cnt];

      /* make up the parameter expressions. */
      for (unsigned idx = 0 ;  idx < cnt ;  idx += 1) {
          net->parm(idx)->expr_scan(this);
          assert(expr_);
          expr->u_.ufunc_.parm[idx] = expr_;
          expr_ = 0;
      }

      expr_ = expr;
}

void dll_target::expr_unary(const NetEUnary*net)
{
      assert(expr_ == 0);

      net->expr()->expr_scan(this);
      assert(expr_);

      ivl_expr_t sub = expr_;

      expr_ = (ivl_expr_t)calloc(1, sizeof(struct ivl_expr_s));
      expr_->type_ = IVL_EX_UNARY;
      expr_->value_= net->expr_type();
      expr_->width_ = net->expr_width();
      expr_->signed_ = net->has_sign()? 1 : 0;
      expr_->u_.unary_.op_ = net->op();
      expr_->u_.unary_.sub_ = sub;
}

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