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compile.cc

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2009 Stephen Williams (steve@icarus.com)
 *
 *    This source code is free software; you can redistribute it
 *    and/or modify it in source code form under the terms of the GNU
 *    General Public License as published by the Free Software
 *    Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
 *    any later version.
 *
 *    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *    GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *    Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA
 */

# include  "arith.h"
# include  "compile.h"
# include  "logic.h"
# include  "resolv.h"
# include  "udp.h"
# include  "symbols.h"
# include  "codes.h"
# include  "schedule.h"
# include  "vpi_priv.h"
# include  "parse_misc.h"
# include  "statistics.h"
#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_H
# include  <malloc.h>
#endif
# include  <iostream>
# include  <list>
# include  <stdlib.h>
# include  <string.h>
# include  <assert.h>

#ifdef __MINGW32__
#include <windows.h>
#endif

unsigned compile_errors = 0;

/*
 * The opcode table lists all the code mnemonics, along with their
 * opcode and operand types. The table is written sorted by mnemonic
 * so that it can be searched by binary search. The opcode_compare
 * function is a helper function for that lookup.
 */

enum operand_e {
      /* Place holder for unused operand */
      OA_NONE,
      /* The operand is a number, an immediate unsigned integer */
      OA_NUMBER,
      /* The operand is a pointer to an array. */
      OA_ARR_PTR,
      /* The operand is a thread bit index or short integer */
      OA_BIT1,
      OA_BIT2,
      /* The operand is a pointer to code space */
      OA_CODE_PTR,
      /* The operand is a variable or net pointer */
      OA_FUNC_PTR,
      /* The operand is a second functor pointer */
      OA_FUNC_PTR2,
      /* The operand is a VPI handle */
      OA_VPI_PTR,
};

struct opcode_table_s {
      const char*mnemonic;
      vvp_code_fun opcode;

      unsigned argc;
      enum operand_e argt[OPERAND_MAX];
};

const static struct opcode_table_s opcode_table[] = {
      { "%abs/wr", of_ABS_WR, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%add",    of_ADD,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%add/wr", of_ADD_WR, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%addi",   of_ADDI,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%alloc",  of_ALLOC,  1,  {OA_VPI_PTR,  OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%and",    of_AND,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%and/r",  of_ANDR,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%andi",   of_ANDI,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%assign/av",of_ASSIGN_AV,3,{OA_ARR_PTR,OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%assign/av/d",of_ASSIGN_AVD,3,{OA_ARR_PTR,OA_BIT1,  OA_BIT2} },
      { "%assign/av/e",of_ASSIGN_AVE,2,{OA_ARR_PTR,OA_BIT1,  OA_NONE} },
      { "%assign/v0",of_ASSIGN_V0,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,    OA_BIT2} },
      { "%assign/v0/d",of_ASSIGN_V0D,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1, OA_BIT2} },
      { "%assign/v0/e",of_ASSIGN_V0E,2,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1, OA_NONE} },
      { "%assign/v0/x1",of_ASSIGN_V0X1,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,OA_BIT2} },
      { "%assign/v0/x1/d",of_ASSIGN_V0X1D,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,OA_BIT2} },
      { "%assign/v0/x1/e",of_ASSIGN_V0X1E,2,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,OA_NONE} },
      { "%assign/wr",  of_ASSIGN_WR, 3,{OA_VPI_PTR, OA_BIT1, OA_BIT2} },
      { "%assign/wr/d",of_ASSIGN_WRD,3,{OA_VPI_PTR, OA_BIT1, OA_BIT2} },
      { "%assign/wr/e",of_ASSIGN_WRE,2,{OA_VPI_PTR, OA_BIT1, OA_NONE} },
      { "%assign/x0",of_ASSIGN_X0,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,    OA_BIT2} },
      { "%blend",    of_BLEND,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%blend/wr", of_BLEND_WR,2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%breakpoint", of_BREAKPOINT, 0,  {OA_NONE, OA_NONE, OA_NONE} },
      { "%cassign/link",of_CASSIGN_LINK,2,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_FUNC_PTR2,OA_NONE} },
      { "%cassign/v",of_CASSIGN_V,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,    OA_BIT2} },
      { "%cassign/wr",of_CASSIGN_WR,2,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,  OA_NONE} },
      { "%cassign/x0",of_CASSIGN_X0,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,  OA_BIT2} },
      { "%cmp/s",  of_CMPS,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%cmp/u",  of_CMPU,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%cmp/wr", of_CMPWR,  2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%cmp/ws", of_CMPWS,  2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%cmp/wu", of_CMPWU,  2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%cmp/x",  of_CMPX,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%cmp/z",  of_CMPZ,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%cmpi/s", of_CMPIS,  3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%cmpi/u", of_CMPIU,  3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%cvt/ir", of_CVT_IR, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%cvt/ri", of_CVT_RI, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%cvt/vr", of_CVT_VR, 3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%deassign",of_DEASSIGN,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%deassign/wr",of_DEASSIGN_WR,1,{OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%delay",  of_DELAY,  2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%delayx", of_DELAYX, 1,  {OA_NUMBER,   OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%div",    of_DIV,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%div/s",  of_DIV_S,  3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%div/wr", of_DIV_WR, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%end",    of_END,    0,  {OA_NONE,     OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%evctl",  of_EVCTL,  2,  {OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%evctl/c",of_EVCTLC, 0,  {OA_NONE,     OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%evctl/i",of_EVCTLI, 2,  {OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%evctl/s",of_EVCTLS, 2,  {OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%force/link",of_FORCE_LINK,2,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_FUNC_PTR2,OA_NONE} },
      { "%force/v",of_FORCE_V,3,  {OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%force/wr",of_FORCE_WR,2,{OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%force/x0",of_FORCE_X0,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%free",   of_FREE,   1,  {OA_VPI_PTR,  OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%inv",    of_INV,    2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%ix/add", of_IX_ADD, 3,  {OA_NUMBER,   OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%ix/get", of_IX_GET, 3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%ix/get/s",of_IX_GET_S,3,{OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%ix/getv",of_IX_GETV,2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_NONE} },
      { "%ix/getv/s",of_IX_GETVS,2, {OA_BIT1,   OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_NONE} },
      { "%ix/load",of_IX_LOAD,3,  {OA_NUMBER,   OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%ix/mul", of_IX_MUL, 3,  {OA_NUMBER,   OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%ix/sub", of_IX_SUB, 3,  {OA_NUMBER,   OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%jmp",    of_JMP,    1,  {OA_CODE_PTR, OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%jmp/0",  of_JMP0,   2,  {OA_CODE_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%jmp/0xz",of_JMP0XZ, 2,  {OA_CODE_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%jmp/1",  of_JMP1,   2,  {OA_CODE_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%join",   of_JOIN,   0,  {OA_NONE,     OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%load/ar",of_LOAD_AR,3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_ARR_PTR,  OA_BIT2} },
      { "%load/av",of_LOAD_AV,3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_ARR_PTR,  OA_BIT2} },
      { "%load/avp0",of_LOAD_AVP0,3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_ARR_PTR,  OA_BIT2} },
      { "%load/avp0/s",of_LOAD_AVP0_S,3,{OA_BIT1,     OA_ARR_PTR,  OA_BIT2} },
      { "%load/avx.p",of_LOAD_AVX_P,3,{OA_BIT1, OA_ARR_PTR,  OA_BIT2} },
      { "%load/v", of_LOAD_VEC,3, {OA_BIT1,     OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT2} },
      { "%load/vp0",of_LOAD_VP0,3,{OA_BIT1,     OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT2} },
      { "%load/vp0/s",of_LOAD_VP0_S,3,{OA_BIT1,     OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT2} },
      { "%load/wr",of_LOAD_WR,2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_VPI_PTR,  OA_BIT2} },
      { "%load/x1p",of_LOAD_X1P,3,{OA_BIT1,     OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT2} },
      { "%loadi/wr",of_LOADI_WR,3,{OA_BIT1,     OA_NUMBER,   OA_BIT2} },
      { "%mod",    of_MOD,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%mod/s",  of_MOD_S,  3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%mod/wr", of_MOD_WR, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%mov",    of_MOV,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%mov/wr", of_MOV_WR, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%movi",   of_MOVI,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%mul",    of_MUL,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%mul/wr", of_MUL_WR, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%muli",   of_MULI,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%nand",   of_NAND,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%nand/r", of_NANDR,  3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%noop",   of_NOOP,   0,  {OA_NONE,     OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%nor",    of_NOR,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%nor/r",  of_NORR,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%or",     of_OR,     3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%or/r",   of_ORR,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%pow",    of_POW,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%pow/s",  of_POW_S,  3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%pow/wr", of_POW_WR, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%release/net",of_RELEASE_NET,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,OA_BIT2} },
      { "%release/reg",of_RELEASE_REG,3,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,OA_BIT2} },
      { "%release/wr",of_RELEASE_WR,2,{OA_FUNC_PTR,OA_BIT1,OA_NONE} },
      { "%set/ar", of_SET_AR, 3,  {OA_ARR_PTR,  OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%set/av", of_SET_AV, 3,  {OA_ARR_PTR,  OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%set/v",  of_SET_VEC,3,  {OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%set/wr", of_SET_WORDR,2,{OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%set/x0", of_SET_X0, 3,  {OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2} },
      { "%shiftl/i0", of_SHIFTL_I0, 2, {OA_BIT1,OA_NUMBER,   OA_NONE} },
      { "%shiftr/i0", of_SHIFTR_I0, 2, {OA_BIT1,OA_NUMBER,   OA_NONE} },
      { "%shiftr/s/i0", of_SHIFTR_S_I0,2,{OA_BIT1,OA_NUMBER, OA_NONE} },
      { "%sub",    of_SUB,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%sub/wr", of_SUB_WR, 2,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%subi",   of_SUBI,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%wait",   of_WAIT,   1,  {OA_FUNC_PTR, OA_NONE,     OA_NONE} },
      { "%xnor",   of_XNOR,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%xnor/r", of_XNORR,  3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%xor",    of_XOR,    3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { "%xor/r",  of_XORR,   3,  {OA_BIT1,     OA_BIT2,     OA_NUMBER} },
      { 0, of_NOOP, 0, {OA_NONE, OA_NONE, OA_NONE} }
};

static const unsigned opcode_count =
                    sizeof(opcode_table)/sizeof(*opcode_table) - 1;

static int opcode_compare(const void*k, const void*r)
{
      const char*kp = (const char*)k;
      const struct opcode_table_s*rp = (const struct opcode_table_s*)r;
      return strcmp(kp, rp->mnemonic);
}

/*
 * Keep a symbol table of addresses within code space. Labels on
 * executable opcodes are mapped to their address here.
 */
static symbol_table_t sym_codespace = 0;

/*
 * Keep a symbol table of functors mentioned in the source. This table
 * is used to resolve references as they come.
 */
static symbol_table_t sym_functors = 0;

/*
 * VPI objects are indexed during compile time so that they can be
 * linked together as they are created. This symbol table matches
 * labels to vpiHandles.
 */
static symbol_table_t sym_vpi = 0;


/*
 * If a functor parameter makes a forward reference to a functor, then
 * I need to save that reference and resolve it after the functors are
 * created. Use this structure to keep the unresolved references in an
 * unsorted singly linked list.
 *
 * The postpone_functor_input arranges for a functor input to be
 * resolved and connected at cleanup. This is used if the symbol is
 * defined after its use in a functor. The ptr parameter is the
 * complete vvp_input_t for the input port.
 */


/*
 *  Add a functor to the symbol table
 */

void define_functor_symbol(const char*label, vvp_net_t*net)
{
      symbol_value_t val;
      val.net = net;
      sym_set_value(sym_functors, label, val);
}

static vvp_net_t*lookup_functor_symbol(const char*label)
{
      assert(sym_functors);
      symbol_value_t val = sym_get_value(sym_functors, label);
      return val.net;
}

vpiHandle vvp_lookup_handle(const char*label)
{
      symbol_value_t val = sym_get_value(sym_vpi, label);
      if (val.ptr) return (vpiHandle) val.ptr;
      return 0;
}

vvp_net_t* vvp_net_lookup(const char*label)
{
        /* First, look to see if the symbol is a vpi object of some
         sort. If it is, then get the vvp_ipoint_t pointer out of
         the vpiHandle. */
      symbol_value_t val = sym_get_value(sym_vpi, label);
      if (val.ptr) {
          vpiHandle vpi = (vpiHandle) val.ptr;
          switch (vpi->vpi_type->type_code) {
            case vpiNet:
            case vpiReg:
            case vpiIntegerVar: {
                  __vpiSignal*sig = (__vpiSignal*)vpi;
                  return sig->node;
            }

            case vpiRealVar: {
                  __vpiRealVar*sig = (__vpiRealVar*)vpi;
                  return sig->net;
            }

            case vpiNamedEvent: {
                  __vpiNamedEvent*tmp = (__vpiNamedEvent*)vpi;
                  return tmp->funct;
            }

            default:
              fprintf(stderr, "Unsupported type %d.\n",
                      vpi->vpi_type->type_code);
              assert(0);
          }
      }


      /* Failing that, look for a general functor. */
      vvp_net_t*tmp = lookup_functor_symbol(label);

      return tmp;
}

/*
 * The resolv_list_s is the base class for a symbol resolve action, and
 * the resolv_list is an unordered list of these resolve actions. Some
 * function creates an instance of a resolv_list_s object that
 * contains the data pertinent to that resolution request, and
 * executes it with the resolv_submit function. If the operation can
 * complete, then the resolv_submit deletes the object. Otherwise, it
 * pushes it onto the resolv_list for later processing.
 *
 * Derived classes implement the resolve function to perform the
 * actual binding or resolution that the instance requires. If the
 * function succeeds, the resolve method returns true and the object
 * can be deleted any time.
 *
 * The mes parameter of the resolve method tells the resolver that
 * this call is its last chance. If it cannot complete the operation,
 * it must print an error message and return false.
 */
static struct resolv_list_s*resolv_list = 0;

resolv_list_s::~resolv_list_s()
{
      free(label_);
}

void resolv_submit(struct resolv_list_s*cur)
{
      if (cur->resolve()) {
          delete cur;
          return;
      }

      cur->next = resolv_list;
      resolv_list = cur;
}


/*
 * Look up vvp_nets in the symbol table. The "source" is the label for
 * the net that I want to feed, and net->port[port] is the vvp_net
 * input that I want that node to feed into. When the name is found,
 * put net->port[port] into the fan-out list for that node.
 */
struct vvp_net_resolv_list_s: public resolv_list_s {

      vvp_net_resolv_list_s(char*l) : resolv_list_s(l) { }
      // port to be driven by the located node.
      vvp_net_ptr_t port;
      virtual bool resolve(bool mes);
};

bool vvp_net_resolv_list_s::resolve(bool mes)
{
      vvp_net_t*tmp = vvp_net_lookup(label());

      if (tmp) {
            // Link the input port to the located output.
          vvp_net_t*net = port.ptr();
          net->port[port.port()] = tmp->out;
          tmp->out = port;
          return true;
      }

      if (mes)
          fprintf(stderr, "unresolved vvp_net reference: %s\n", label());

      return false;
}

inline static
void postpone_functor_input(vvp_net_ptr_t port, char*lab)
{
      struct vvp_net_resolv_list_s*res = new struct vvp_net_resolv_list_s(lab);
      res->port   = port;

      resolv_submit(res);
}


/*
 *  Generic functor reference lookup.
 */

struct functor_gen_resolv_list_s: public resolv_list_s {
      explicit functor_gen_resolv_list_s(char*txt) : resolv_list_s(txt) { }
      vvp_net_t**ref;
      virtual bool resolve(bool mes);
};

bool functor_gen_resolv_list_s::resolve(bool mes)
{
      vvp_net_t*tmp = vvp_net_lookup(label());

      if (tmp) {
          *ref = tmp;
          return true;
      }

      if (mes)
          fprintf(stderr, "unresolved functor reference: %s\n", label());

      return false;
}

void functor_ref_lookup(vvp_net_t**ref, char*lab)
{
      struct functor_gen_resolv_list_s*res =
          new struct functor_gen_resolv_list_s(lab);

      res->ref    = ref;

      resolv_submit(res);
}

/*
 *  vpiHandle lookup
 */

struct vpi_handle_resolv_list_s: public resolv_list_s {
      explicit vpi_handle_resolv_list_s(char*lab) : resolv_list_s(lab) { }
      virtual bool resolve(bool mes);
      vpiHandle *handle;
};

bool vpi_handle_resolv_list_s::resolve(bool mes)
{
      symbol_value_t val = sym_get_value(sym_vpi, label());
      if (!val.ptr) {
          // check for thread vector  T<base,wid>
          unsigned base, wid;
          unsigned n = 0;
          char ss[32];
          if (2 <= sscanf(label(), "T<%u,%u>%n", &base, &wid, &n)
            && n == strlen(label())) {
              val.ptr = vpip_make_vthr_vector(base, wid, false);
              sym_set_value(sym_vpi, label(), val);

          } else if (3 <= sscanf(label(), "T<%u,%u,%[su]>%n", &base,
                           &wid, ss, &n)
                   && n == strlen(label())) {

              bool signed_flag = false;
              for (char*fp = ss ;  *fp ;  fp += 1) switch (*fp) {
                  case 's':
                  signed_flag = true;
                  break;
                  case 'u':
                  signed_flag = false;
                  break;
                  default:
                  break;
              }

              val.ptr = vpip_make_vthr_vector(base, wid, signed_flag);
              sym_set_value(sym_vpi, label(), val);

          } else if (2 == sscanf(label(), "W<%u,%[r]>%n", &base, ss, &n)
                   && n == strlen(label())) {

              val.ptr = vpip_make_vthr_word(base, ss);
              sym_set_value(sym_vpi, label(), val);
          }

      }

      if (!val.ptr) {
          // check for memory word  M<mem,base,wid>
      }

      if (val.ptr) {
          *handle = (vpiHandle) val.ptr;
          return true;
      }

      if (mes)
          fprintf(stderr, "unresolved vpi name lookup: %s\n", label());

      return false;
}

void compile_vpi_lookup(vpiHandle *handle, char*label)
{
      if (strcmp(label, "$time") == 0) {
          *handle = vpip_sim_time(vpip_peek_current_scope(), false);
          free(label);
          return;
      }

      if (strcmp(label, "$stime") == 0) {
          *handle = vpip_sim_time(vpip_peek_current_scope(), true);
          free(label);
          return;
      }

      if (strcmp(label, "$realtime") == 0) {
          *handle = vpip_sim_realtime(vpip_peek_current_scope());
          free(label);
          return;
      }

      if (strcmp(label, "$simtime") == 0) {
          *handle = vpip_sim_time(0, false);
          free(label);
          return;
      }

      struct vpi_handle_resolv_list_s*res
          = new struct vpi_handle_resolv_list_s(label);

      res->handle = handle;
      resolv_submit(res);
}

/*
 * Code Label lookup
 */

struct code_label_resolv_list_s: public resolv_list_s {
      code_label_resolv_list_s(char*lab) : resolv_list_s(lab) { }
      struct vvp_code_s *code;
      virtual bool resolve(bool mes);
};

bool code_label_resolv_list_s::resolve(bool mes)
{
      symbol_value_t val = sym_get_value(sym_codespace, label());
      if (val.num) {
          if (code->opcode == of_FORK)
              code->cptr2 = reinterpret_cast<vvp_code_t>(val.ptr);
          else
              code->cptr = reinterpret_cast<vvp_code_t>(val.ptr);
          return true;
      }

      if (mes)
          fprintf(stderr, "unresolved code label: %s\n", label());

      return false;
}

void code_label_lookup(struct vvp_code_s *code, char *label)
{
      struct code_label_resolv_list_s *res
          = new struct code_label_resolv_list_s(label);

      res->code  = code;

      resolv_submit(res);
}

struct code_array_resolv_list_s: public resolv_list_s {
      code_array_resolv_list_s(char*lab) : resolv_list_s(lab) { }
      struct vvp_code_s *code;
      virtual bool resolve(bool mes);
};

bool code_array_resolv_list_s::resolve(bool mes)
{
      code->array = array_find(label());
      if (code->array != 0) {
          return true;
      }

      if (mes)
          fprintf(stderr, "Array unresolved: %s\n", label());

      return false;
}

static void compile_array_lookup(struct vvp_code_s*code, char*label)
{
      struct code_array_resolv_list_s *res
          = new struct code_array_resolv_list_s(label);

      res->code  = code;

      resolv_submit(res);
}

static list<struct __vpiSysTaskCall*> scheduled_compiletf;

void compile_compiletf(struct __vpiSysTaskCall*obj)
{
      if (obj->defn->info.compiletf == 0)
          return;

      scheduled_compiletf.push_back(obj);
}

/*
 * When parsing is otherwise complete, this function is called to do
 * the final stuff. Clean up deferred linking here.
 */

void compile_cleanup(void)
{
      int lnerrs = -1;
      int nerrs = 0;
      int last;

      if (verbose_flag) {
          fprintf(stderr, " ... Linking\n");
          fflush(stderr);
      }

      do {
          struct resolv_list_s *res = resolv_list;
          resolv_list = 0x0;
          last = nerrs == lnerrs;
          lnerrs = nerrs;
          nerrs = 0;
          while (res) {
              struct resolv_list_s *cur = res;
              res = res->next;
              if (cur->resolve(last))
                  delete cur;
              else {
                  nerrs++;
                  cur->next = resolv_list;
                  resolv_list = cur;
              }
          }
          if (nerrs && last)
              fprintf(stderr,
                    "compile_cleanup: %d unresolved items\n",
                    nerrs);
      } while (nerrs && !last);

      compile_errors += nerrs;

      if (verbose_flag) {
          fprintf(stderr, " ... Removing symbol tables\n");
          fflush(stderr);
      }

      /* After compile is complete, the vpi symbol table is no
         longer needed. VPI objects are located by following
         scopes. */
      delete_symbol_table(sym_vpi);
      sym_vpi = 0;

      /* Don't need the code labels. The instructions have numeric
         pointers in them, the symbol table is no longer needed. */
      delete_symbol_table(sym_codespace);
      sym_codespace = 0;

      delete_symbol_table(sym_functors);
      sym_functors = 0;

      delete_udp_symbols();

      compile_island_cleanup();
      compile_array_cleanup();

      if (verbose_flag) {
          fprintf(stderr, " ... Compiletf functions\n");
          fflush(stderr);
      }

      assert(vpi_mode_flag == VPI_MODE_NONE);
      vpi_mode_flag = VPI_MODE_COMPILETF;

      while (! scheduled_compiletf.empty()) {
          struct __vpiSysTaskCall*obj = scheduled_compiletf.front();
          scheduled_compiletf.pop_front();
          vpip_cur_task = obj;
          obj->defn->info.compiletf (obj->defn->info.user_data);
          vpip_cur_task = 0;
      }

      vpi_mode_flag = VPI_MODE_NONE;
}

void compile_vpi_symbol(const char*label, vpiHandle obj)
{
      symbol_value_t val;
      val.ptr = obj;
      sym_set_value(sym_vpi, label, val);
}

/*
 * Initialize the compiler by allocation empty symbol tables and
 * initializing the various address spaces.
 */
void compile_init(void)
{
      sym_vpi = new_symbol_table();

      sym_functors = new_symbol_table();

      sym_codespace = new_symbol_table();
      codespace_init();
}

void compile_load_vpi_module(char*name)
{
      vpip_load_module(name);
      delete[] name;
}

void compile_vpi_time_precision(long pre)
{
      vpip_set_time_precision(pre);
}

/*
 * Convert a Cr string value to double.
 *
 * The format is broken into mantissa and exponent.
 * The exponent in turn includes a sign bit.
 *
 * The mantissa is a 64bit integer value (encoded in hex).
 *
 * The exponent included the sign bit (0x4000) and the binary
 * exponent offset by 0x1000. The actual exponent is the
 * encoded exponent - 0x1000.
 *
 * The real value is sign * (mant ** exp).
 */
double crstring_to_double(char*label)
{
      char*cp = label+3;
      assert(*cp == 'm');
      cp += 1;
      uint64_t mant = strtoull(cp, &cp, 16);
      assert(*cp == 'g');
      cp += 1;
      int exp = strtoul(cp, 0, 16);

      double tmp;
      if (mant == 0 && exp == 0x3fff) {
          tmp = INFINITY;
      } else if (mant == 0 && exp == 0x7fff) {
          tmp = -INFINITY;
      } else if (exp == 0x3fff) {
          tmp = nan("");
      } else {
          double sign = (exp & 0x4000)? -1.0 : 1.0;
          exp &= 0x1fff;

          tmp = sign * ldexp((double)mant, exp - 0x1000);
      }

      return tmp;
}

/*
 * Run through the arguments looking for the nodes that are
 * connected to my input ports. For each source functor that I
 * find, connect the output of that functor to the indexed
 * input by inserting myself (complete with the port number in
 * the vvp_ipoint_t) into the list that the source heads.
 *
 * If the source functor is not declared yet, then don't do
 * the link yet. Save the reference to be resolved later.
 *
 * If the source is a constant value, then set the ival of the functor
 * and skip the symbol lookup.
 */

void input_connect(vvp_net_t*fdx, unsigned port, char*label)
{
      vvp_net_ptr_t ifdx = vvp_net_ptr_t(fdx, port);
      char*tp;

      /* Is this a vvp_vector4_t constant value? */
      if ((strncmp(label, "C4<", 3) == 0)
        && ((tp = strchr(label,'>')))
        && (tp[1] == 0)
        && (strspn(label+3, "01xz")+3 == (unsigned)(tp-label))) {

          vvp_vector4_t tmp = c4string_to_vector4(label);

            // Inputs that are constants are schedule to execute as
            // soon at the simulation starts. In Verilog, constants
            // start propagating when the simulation starts, just
            // like any other signal value. But letting the
            // scheduler distribute the constant value has the
            // additional advantage that the constant is not
            // propagated until the network is fully linked.
          schedule_set_vector(ifdx, tmp);

          free(label);
          return;
      }

      /* Is this a vvp_vector8_t constant value? */
      if ((strncmp(label, "C8<", 3) == 0)
        && ((tp = strchr(label,'>')))
        && (tp[1] == 0)
        && (strspn(label+3, "01234567xz")+3 == (unsigned)(tp-label))) {

          size_t vsize = tp-label-3;
          assert(vsize%3 == 0);
          vsize /= 3;

          vvp_vector8_t tmp (vsize);

          for (unsigned idx = 0 ;  idx < vsize ;  idx += 1) {
              vvp_bit4_t bit = BIT4_Z;
              unsigned dr0 = label[3+idx*3+0] - '0';
              unsigned dr1 = label[3+idx*3+1] - '0';

              switch (label[3+idx*3+2]) {
                  case '0':
                  bit = BIT4_0;
                  break;
                  case '1':
                  bit = BIT4_1;
                  break;
                  case 'x':
                  bit = BIT4_X;
                  break;
                  case 'z':
                  bit = BIT4_Z;
                  break;
              }

              tmp.set_bit(vsize-idx-1, vvp_scalar_t(bit, dr0, dr1));
          }

          schedule_set_vector(ifdx, tmp);

          free(label);
          return;
      }

      /* Handle the Cr<> constant driver, which is a real-value
         driver. */
      if ((strncmp(label, "Cr<", 3) == 0)
        && ((tp = strchr(label,'>')))
        && (tp[1] == 0)
        && (strspn(label+3, "0123456789abcdefmg")+3 == (unsigned)(tp-label))) {

          double tmp = crstring_to_double(label);

          schedule_set_vector(ifdx, tmp);
          free(label);
          return;
      }

      /* Handle the general case that this is a label for a node in
         the vvp net. This arranges for the label to be preserved in
         a linker list, and linked when the symbol table is
         complete. */
      postpone_functor_input(ifdx, label);
}

void inputs_connect(vvp_net_t*fdx, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc > 4) {
          cerr << "XXXX argv[0] = " << argv[0].text << endl;
      }
      assert(argc <= 4);

      for (unsigned idx = 0;  idx < argc;  idx += 1) {

          input_connect(fdx, idx, argv[idx].text);
      }
}

void wide_inputs_connect(vvp_wide_fun_core*core,
                   unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      /* Create input functors to receive values from the
         network. These functors pass the data to the core. */
      unsigned input_functors = (argc+3) / 4;
      for (unsigned idx = 0 ;  idx < input_functors ;  idx += 1) {
          unsigned base = idx*4;
          unsigned trans = 4;
          if (base+trans > argc)
              trans = argc - base;

          vvp_wide_fun_t*cur = new vvp_wide_fun_t(core, base);
          vvp_net_t*ptr = new vvp_net_t;
          ptr->fun = cur;

          inputs_connect(ptr, trans, argv+base);
      }
}

template <class T_> void make_arith(T_ *arith, char*label,
                            unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      vvp_net_t* ptr = new vvp_net_t;
      ptr->fun = arith;

      define_functor_symbol(label, ptr);
      free(label);

      assert(argc == 2);
      inputs_connect(ptr, argc, argv);

      free(argv);
}

void compile_arith_cast_int(char*label, long width,
                            unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      vvp_arith_cast_int*arith = new vvp_arith_cast_int((unsigned) width);

      vvp_net_t* ptr = new vvp_net_t;
      ptr->fun = arith;

      define_functor_symbol(label, ptr);
      free(label);

      assert(argc == 1);
      inputs_connect(ptr, argc, argv);
      free(argv);
}

void compile_arith_cast_real(char*label, bool signed_flag,
                             unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      vvp_arith_cast_real*arith = new vvp_arith_cast_real(signed_flag);

      vvp_net_t* ptr = new vvp_net_t;
      ptr->fun = arith;

      define_functor_symbol(label, ptr);
      free(label);

      assert(argc == 1);
      inputs_connect(ptr, argc, argv);
      free(argv);
}

void compile_arith_abs(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      vvp_arith_abs*arith = new vvp_arith_abs;

      vvp_net_t* ptr = new vvp_net_t;
      ptr->fun = arith;

      define_functor_symbol(label, ptr);
      free(label);

      assert(argc == 1);
      inputs_connect(ptr, argc, argv);
      free(argv);
}

void compile_arith_div(char*label, long wid, bool signed_flag,
                   unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          const char *suffix = "";
          if (signed_flag) suffix = ".s";
          fprintf(stderr, "%s; .arith/div%s has wrong number of "
                          "symbols\n", label, suffix);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_arith_div(wid, signed_flag);
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_div_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s; .arith/divr has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_arith_div_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_mod(char*label, long wid, bool signed_flag,
                   unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .arith/mod has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_arith_mod(wid, signed_flag);

      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_mod_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .arith/mod.r has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_arith_mod_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_mult(char*label, long wid,
                  unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .arith/mult has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_arith_mult(wid);
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_mult_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .arith/mult.r has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_arith_mult_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}


void compile_arith_pow(char*label, long wid, bool signed_flag,
                   unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          const char *suffix = "";
          if (signed_flag) suffix = ".s";
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .arith/pow%s has wrong number of "
                          "symbols\n", label, suffix);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_arith_pow(wid, signed_flag);
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_pow_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .arith/pow.r has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_arith_pow_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_sub(char*label, long wid, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .arith/sub has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_arith_sub(wid);
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_sub_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s; .arith/sub.r has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_arith_sub_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_sum(char*label, long wid, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .arith/sum has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_arith_sum(wid);
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_arith_sum_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .arith/sum.r has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_arith_sum_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_eeq(char*label, long wid,
                 unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/eeq has wrong number of symbols\n",label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_eeq(wid);

      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_nee(char*label, long wid,
                 unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/eeq has wrong number of symbols\n",label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_nee(wid);

      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_eq(char*label, long wid, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/eq has wrong number of symbols\n",label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_eq(wid);
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_eq_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/eq.r has wrong number of symbols\n",label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_eq_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_ne(char*label, long wid, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/ne has wrong number of symbols\n",label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_ne(wid);
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_ne_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/ne.r has wrong number of symbols\n",label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_ne_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_ge(char*label, long wid, bool signed_flag,
                unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/ge has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_ge(wid, signed_flag);

      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_ge_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/ge.r has wrong number of symbols\n",label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_ge_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_gt(char*label, long wid, bool signed_flag,
                unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/gt has wrong number of symbols\n", label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_gt(wid, signed_flag);

      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_cmp_gt_r(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      if (argc != 2) {
          fprintf(stderr, "%s .cmp/gt.r has wrong number of symbols\n",label);
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      vvp_arith_real_ *arith = new vvp_cmp_gt_real;
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}


void compile_delay(char*label, vvp_delay_t*delay, struct symb_s arg)
{
      vvp_net_t*net = new vvp_net_t;
      vvp_fun_delay*obj = new vvp_fun_delay(net, BIT4_X, *delay);
      net->fun = obj;

      delete delay;

      input_connect(net, 0, arg.text);

      define_functor_symbol(label, net);
      free(label);
}

void compile_delay(char*label, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      vvp_delay_t stub (0, 0, 0);
      vvp_net_t*net = new vvp_net_t;
      vvp_fun_delay*obj = new vvp_fun_delay(net, BIT4_X, stub);
      net->fun = obj;

      inputs_connect(net, argc, argv);
      free(argv);

      define_functor_symbol(label, net);
      free(label);
}

/*
 * Extend nodes.
 */
void compile_extend_signed(char*label, long wid, struct symb_s arg)
{
      assert(wid >= 0);

      vvp_fun_extend_signed*fun = new vvp_fun_extend_signed(wid);
      vvp_net_t*ptr = new vvp_net_t;
      ptr->fun = fun;

      define_functor_symbol(label, ptr);
      free(label);

      input_connect(ptr, 0, arg.text);
}

struct __vpiModPath* compile_modpath(char*label, struct symb_s drv,
                             struct symb_s dest)
{
      vvp_net_t*net = new vvp_net_t;
      vvp_fun_modpath*obj = new vvp_fun_modpath(net);
      net->fun = obj;

      input_connect(net, 0, drv.text);

      define_functor_symbol(label, net);

      __vpiModPath*modpath = vpip_make_modpath(net);

      compile_vpi_lookup(&modpath->path_term_out.expr, dest.text);

      free(label);

      modpath->modpath = obj;
      return modpath;
}

static struct __vpiModPathSrc*make_modpath_src(struct __vpiModPath*path,
                                     char edge,
                                     struct symb_s src,
                                     struct numbv_s vals,
                                     bool ifnone)
{
      vvp_fun_modpath*dst = path->modpath;

      vvp_time64_t use_delay[12];
      assert(vals.cnt == 12);
      for (unsigned idx = 0 ; idx < vals.cnt ;  idx += 1) {
          use_delay[idx] = vals.nvec[idx];
      }

      numbv_clear(&vals);

      vvp_fun_modpath_src*obj = 0;

      int vpi_edge = vpiNoEdge;
      if (edge == 0) {
          obj = new vvp_fun_modpath_src(use_delay);

      } else {
          bool posedge, negedge;
          switch (edge) {
            case '+':
              vpi_edge = vpiPosedge;
              posedge = true;
              negedge = false;
              break;
            case '-':
              vpi_edge = vpiNegedge;
              posedge = false;
              negedge = true;
              break;
#if 0
            case '*':
              posedge = true;
              negedge = true;
              break;
#endif
            default:
              fprintf(stderr, "Unknown edge identifier %c(%d).\n", edge,
                      edge);
              assert(0);
          }
          obj = new vvp_fun_modpath_edge(use_delay, posedge, negedge);
      }

      vvp_net_t*net = new vvp_net_t;
      struct __vpiModPathSrc* srcobj = vpip_make_modpath_src (path, use_delay, net) ;
      vpip_attach_to_current_scope(vpi_handle(srcobj));
      net->fun = obj;

      /* Save the vpiEdge directory into the input path term. */
      srcobj->path_term_in.edge = vpi_edge;
      input_connect(net, 0, src.text);
      dst->add_modpath_src(obj, ifnone);

      return srcobj;
}

void compile_modpath_src(struct __vpiModPath*dst, char edge,
                   struct symb_s src,
                   struct numbv_s vals,
                   struct symb_s condit_src,
                   struct symb_s path_term_in)
{
      struct __vpiModPathSrc*obj =
          make_modpath_src(dst, edge, src, vals, false);
      input_connect(obj->net, 1, condit_src.text);
      compile_vpi_lookup(&obj->path_term_in.expr, path_term_in.text);
}

void compile_modpath_src(struct __vpiModPath*dst, char edge,
                   struct symb_s src,
                   struct numbv_s vals,
                   int condit_src,
                   struct symb_s path_term_in,
                   bool ifnone)
{
      assert(condit_src == 0);
      struct __vpiModPathSrc*obj =
          make_modpath_src(dst, edge, src, vals, ifnone);
      compile_vpi_lookup(&obj->path_term_in.expr, path_term_in.text);
}

/*
 * A .shift/l statement creates an array of functors for the
 * width. The 0 input is the data vector to be shifted and the 1 input
 * is the amount of the shift. An unconnected shift amount is set to 0.
 */
void compile_shiftl(char*label, long wid, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_shiftl(wid);
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_shiftr(char*label, long wid, bool signed_flag,
                unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert( wid > 0 );

      vvp_arith_ *arith = new vvp_shiftr(wid, signed_flag);
      make_arith(arith, label, argc, argv);
}

void compile_resolver(char*label, char*type, unsigned argc, struct symb_s*argv)
{
      assert(argc <= 4);
      vvp_net_fun_t* obj = 0;

      if (strcmp(type,"tri") == 0) {
          obj = new resolv_functor(vvp_scalar_t(BIT4_Z, 0,0));

      } else if (strncmp(type,"tri$",4) == 0) {
          obj = new resolv_functor(vvp_scalar_t(BIT4_Z, 0,0), strdup(type+4));

      } else if (strcmp(type,"tri0") == 0) {
          obj = new resolv_functor(vvp_scalar_t(BIT4_0, 5,5));

      } else if (strcmp(type,"tri1") == 0) {
          obj = new resolv_functor(vvp_scalar_t(BIT4_1, 5,5));

      } else if (strcmp(type,"triand") == 0) {
          obj = new resolv_triand;

      } else if (strcmp(type,"trior") == 0) {
          obj = new resolv_trior;

      } else {
          fprintf(stderr, "invalid resolver type: %s\n", type);
          compile_errors += 1;
      }

      if (obj) {
          vvp_net_t*net = new vvp_net_t;
          net->fun = obj;
          define_functor_symbol(label, net);
          inputs_connect(net, argc, argv);
      }
      free(type);
      free(label);
      free(argv);
}

void compile_udp_def(int sequ, char *label, char *name,
                 unsigned nin, unsigned init, char **table)
{
      if (sequ) {
          vvp_bit4_t init4;
          if (init == 0)
              init4 = BIT4_0;
          else if (init == 1)
              init4 = BIT4_1;
          else
              init4 = BIT4_X;

          vvp_udp_seq_s *u = new vvp_udp_seq_s(label, name, nin, init4);
          u->compile_table(table);
      } else {
          vvp_udp_comb_s *u = new vvp_udp_comb_s(label, name, nin);
          u->compile_table(table);
      }
      free(label);
      delete[] name;
}

char **compile_udp_table(char **table, char *row)
{
  if (table)
    assert(strlen(*table)==strlen(row));

  char **tt;
  for (tt = table; tt && *tt; tt++);
  int n = (tt-table) + 2;

  table = (char**)realloc(table, n*sizeof(char*));
  table[n-2] = row;
  table[n-1] = 0x0;

  return table;
}


/*
 * The parser uses this function to compile and link an executable
 * opcode. I do this by looking up the opcode in the opcode_table. The
 * table gives the operand structure that is acceptable, so I can
 * process the operands here as well.
 */
void compile_code(char*label, char*mnem, comp_operands_t opa)
{
      /* First, I can give the label a value that is the current
         codespace pointer. Don't need the text of the label after
         this is done. */
      if (label)
          compile_codelabel(label);

      /* Lookup the opcode in the opcode table. */
      struct opcode_table_s*op = (struct opcode_table_s*)
          bsearch(mnem, opcode_table, opcode_count,
                sizeof(struct opcode_table_s), &opcode_compare);
      if (op == 0) {
          yyerror("Invalid opcode");
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      assert(op);

      /* Build up the code from the information about the opcode and
         the information from the compiler. */
      vvp_code_t code = codespace_allocate();
      code->opcode = op->opcode;

      if (op->argc != (opa? opa->argc : 0)) {
          yyerror("operand count");
          compile_errors += 1;
          return;
      }

      /* Pull the operands that the instruction expects from the
         list that the parser supplied. */

      for (unsigned idx = 0 ;  idx < op->argc ;  idx += 1) {

          switch (op->argt[idx]) {
            case OA_NONE:
              break;

            case OA_ARR_PTR:
              if (opa->argv[idx].ltype != L_SYMB) {
                  yyerror("operand format");
                  break;
              }

              compile_array_lookup(code, opa->argv[idx].symb.text);
              break;

            case OA_BIT1:
              if (opa->argv[idx].ltype != L_NUMB) {
                  yyerror("operand format");
                  break;
              }
              code->bit_idx[0] = opa->argv[idx].numb;
              break;

            case OA_BIT2:
              if (opa->argv[idx].ltype != L_NUMB) {
                  yyerror("operand format");
                  break;
              }
              code->bit_idx[1] = opa->argv[idx].numb;
              break;

            case OA_CODE_PTR:
              if (opa->argv[idx].ltype != L_SYMB) {
                  yyerror("operand format");
                  break;
              }

              assert(opa->argv[idx].symb.idx == 0);
              code_label_lookup(code, opa->argv[idx].symb.text);
              break;

            case OA_FUNC_PTR:
                /* The operand is a functor. Resolve the label to
                   a functor pointer, or postpone the resolution
                   if it is not defined yet. */
              if (opa->argv[idx].ltype != L_SYMB) {
                  yyerror("operand format");
                  break;
              }

              functor_ref_lookup(&code->net, opa->argv[idx].symb.text);
              break;

            case OA_FUNC_PTR2:
                /* The operand is a functor. Resolve the label to
                   a functor pointer, or postpone the resolution
                   if it is not defined yet. */
              if (opa->argv[idx].ltype != L_SYMB) {
                  yyerror("operand format");
                  break;
              }

              functor_ref_lookup(&code->net2, opa->argv[idx].symb.text);
              break;

            case OA_NUMBER:
              if (opa->argv[idx].ltype != L_NUMB) {
                  yyerror("operand format");
                  break;
              }

              code->number = opa->argv[idx].numb;
              break;

            case OA_VPI_PTR:
                /* The operand is a functor. Resolve the label to
                   a functor pointer, or postpone the resolution
                   if it is not defined yet. */
              if (opa->argv[idx].ltype != L_SYMB) {
                  yyerror("operand format");
                  break;
              }

              compile_vpi_lookup(&code->handle, opa->argv[idx].symb.text);
              break;
          }
      }

      if (opa) free(opa);

      free(mnem);
}

void compile_codelabel(char*label)
{
      symbol_value_t val;
      vvp_code_t ptr = codespace_next();

      val.ptr = ptr;
      sym_set_value(sym_codespace, label, val);

      free(label);
}


void compile_disable(char*label, struct symb_s symb)
{
      if (label)
          compile_codelabel(label);

      /* Fill in the basics of the %disable in the instruction. */
      vvp_code_t code = codespace_allocate();
      code->opcode = of_DISABLE;

      compile_vpi_lookup(&code->handle, symb.text);
}

/*
 * The %fork instruction is a little different from other instructions
 * in that it has an extended field that holds the information needed
 * to create the new thread. This includes the target PC and scope.
 * I get these from the parser in the form of symbols.
 */
void compile_fork(char*label, struct symb_s dest, struct symb_s scope)
{
      if (label)
          compile_codelabel(label);


      /* Fill in the basics of the %fork in the instruction. */
      vvp_code_t code = codespace_allocate();
      code->opcode = of_FORK;

      /* Figure out the target PC. */
      code_label_lookup(code, dest.text);

      /* Figure out the target SCOPE. */
      compile_vpi_lookup(&code->handle, scope.text);
}

void compile_vpi_call(char*label, char*name,
                      long file_idx, long lineno,
                      unsigned argc, vpiHandle*argv)
{
      if (label)
          compile_codelabel(label);

      /* Create an instruction in the code space. */
      vvp_code_t code = codespace_allocate();
      code->opcode = &of_VPI_CALL;

      /* Create a vpiHandle that bundles the call information, and
         store that handle in the instruction. */
      code->handle = vpip_build_vpi_call(name, 0, 0, 0, argc, argv,
                                         file_idx, lineno);
      if (code->handle == 0)
          compile_errors += 1;

      /* Done with the lexor-allocated name string. */
      delete[] name;
}

void compile_vpi_func_call(char*label, char*name,
                     unsigned vbit, int vwid,
                     long file_idx, long lineno,
                     unsigned argc, vpiHandle*argv)
{
      if (label)
          compile_codelabel(label);

      /* Create an instruction in the code space. */
      vvp_code_t code = codespace_allocate();
      code->opcode = &of_VPI_CALL;

      /* Create a vpiHandle that bundles the call information, and
         store that handle in the instruction. */
      code->handle = vpip_build_vpi_call(name, vbit, vwid, 0, argc, argv,
                                         file_idx, lineno);
      if (code->handle == 0)
          compile_errors += 1;

      /* Done with the lexor-allocated name string. */
      delete[] name;
}

/*
 * When the parser finds a thread statement, I create a new thread
 * with the start address referenced by the program symbol passed to
 * me.
 */
void compile_thread(char*start_sym, char*flag)
{
      bool push_flag = false;

      symbol_value_t tmp = sym_get_value(sym_codespace, start_sym);
      vvp_code_t pc = reinterpret_cast<vvp_code_t>(tmp.ptr);
      if (pc == 0) {
          yyerror("unresolved address");
          return;
      }

      if (flag && (strcmp(flag,"$push") == 0))
          push_flag = true;

      vthread_t thr = vthread_new(pc, vpip_peek_current_scope());
      schedule_vthread(thr, 0, push_flag);

      free(start_sym);
      if (flag != 0)
          free(flag);
}

void compile_param_logic(char*label, char*name, char*value, bool signed_flag,
                         long file_idx, long lineno)
{
      vvp_vector4_t value4 = c4string_to_vector4(value);
      vpiHandle obj = vpip_make_binary_param(name, value4, signed_flag,
                                             file_idx, lineno);
      compile_vpi_symbol(label, obj);
      vpip_attach_to_current_scope(obj);

      free(label);
      free(value);
}

void compile_param_string(char*label, char*name, char*value,
                          long file_idx, long lineno)
{
      vpiHandle obj = vpip_make_string_param(name, value, file_idx, lineno);
      compile_vpi_symbol(label, obj);
      vpip_attach_to_current_scope(obj);

      free(label);
}

void compile_param_real(char*label, char*name, char*value,
                        long file_idx, long lineno)
{
      double dvalue = crstring_to_double(value);
      vpiHandle obj = vpip_make_real_param(name, dvalue, file_idx, lineno);
      compile_vpi_symbol(label, obj);
      vpip_attach_to_current_scope(obj);

      free(label);
      free(value);
}

void compile_island(char*label, char*type)
{
      if (strcmp(type,"tran") == 0)
          compile_island_tran(label);
      else
          assert(0);

      free(type);
}

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